Week That Was


November 16

1894 6,000 Armenians massacred by Turks in Kurdistan
1933 Roosevelt establishes diplomatic relations with USSR
1988 Benazir Bhutto wins 1st free Pakistani elections in 11 years
1989 6 Jesuit priests are killed by El Salvadorian troops
1979 Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher names Sir Anthony Blunt, a former security service officer, as the "fourth man" in the Philby affair.

November 17

1278 680 Jews arrested (293 hanged) in England for counterfeiting coins
1558 Elizabeth I ascends English throne upon death of Queen Mary
1796 Battle of Arcole-Napoleon I’s French forces beat Austrians in Italy
1869 Suez Canal opens (Egypt)
1913 Panama Canal opens
1937 Britain’s Lord Halifax visits Germany, beginning of appeasement
1948 Britain’s House of Commons votes to nationalize steel industry
1973 President Nixon told AP "…people have got to know whether or not their President is a crook. Well, I’m not a crook"
1989 Police crush Prague protest rally
1993 US Congress votes for NAFTA

November 18

1421 Zuider Zee floods 72 villages, killing an estimated 10,000 in Netherlands
1803 Battle of Vertieres, in which Haitians defeat French
1909 US invades Nicaragua, later overthrows President Zelaya
1912 Albania declares independence from Turkey
1964 J Edgar Hoover describes Martin Luther King as "most notorious liar"
1976 Spain’s parliament establishes democracy after 37 years of dictatorship
1978 Bodies of 914 people, including 276 children, are found in Guyana in South America.

November 19

1863 Lincoln delivers his address in Gettysburg; "4 score & 7 years…"
1977 President of Egypt, Anwar Sadat, becomes the first Arab leader ever to visit Israel.
1985 President Reagan & Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev meet for 1st time
1990 Iraq announces it will free all German hostages

November 20

1272 Edward I proclaimed King of England
1780 Britain declares war on Holland
1910 Revolution broke out in Mexico, led by Francisco I Madero
1945 24 Nazi leaders put on trial at Nuremberg, Germany
1959 UN adopts the declaration of children’s rights
1977 Egyptian President Sadat became 1st Arab leader to address Israeli Knesset
1990 Thatcher fails to defeat Heseltine’s bid for party leadership

November 21

1654 Richard Johnson, a free black, granted 550 acres in Virginia
1818 Russia’s Czar Alexander I petitions for a Jewish state in Palestine
1877 Tom Edison announces his "talking machine" invention
1945 General Motors workers go on strike
1977 1st flight of the Concorde (London to New York)
1990 Signing of Declaration of "End of Cold war" in Paris

November 22

1886 Victoria Street Cable Tram route begins in Melbourne, Australia
1924 England orders Egyptians out of Sudan
1943 FDR, Churchill & Chiang Kai-shek meet to discuss ways to defeat Japan
1956 16th modern Olympic games opens in Melbourne
1963 Kennedy shot dead in Dallas
1990 Margaret Thatcher announces her resignation as British Prime Minister

Launched in 2004, New Matilda is one of Australia's oldest online independent publications. It's focus is on investigative journalism and analysis, with occasional smart arsery thrown in for reasons of sanity. New Matilda is owned and edited by Walkley Award and Human Rights Award winning journalist Chris Graham.